Home > Biosafety > Biosafety Manual > Shipping, Transfer or Disposal of Biological Materials > Shipping > Shipping Hazardous and Infectious Materials
Shipping Hazardous and Infectious Materials
If you only ship these materials once in a while, use the HazMat Shipping Program.
If you regularly ship hazardous materials (list below), including infectious substances (list below) or diagnostic specimens (list below), then you will need training to fulfill the requirements of the U.S. Department of Transportation and the shipping companies.
Training is provided quarterly on the Minneapolis campus. Register online for one of these sessions.
If you ship any materials in these hazard classes you will need this training:
DOT Hazardous Materials Classes
Class 1 - Explosives
Class 2 - Gases: Flammables, Non-flammables, Toxics
Class 3 - Flammable Liquids
Class 4 - Flammable Solids Spontaneously Combustibles Dangerous When Wet
Class 5 - Oxidizers and Organic Peroxides
Class 6 - Toxic Materials and Infectious Substances
Class 7 - Radioactive Materials
Class 8 - Corrosive Materials
Class 9 - Miscellaneous Dangerous Goods
DryIce r (dryice)
The most commonly shipped materials at the University are in Class 6.2 Infectious substances. Infectious substances are those that contain known or suspected pathogens, i.e. microorganisms (including bacteria, viruses, rickettsia, parasites, fungi) or other agents which can cause disease in humans or animals. There infectious substances are classified according to degree of hazard into two categories, A and B. Training is required for anyone shipping any of these materials.
A Category A infectious substance is one that is in a form that, when exposure to it occurs, is capable of causing permanent disability, life threatening or fatal diseases to humans or animals. Not surprisingly, these are subject to the strictest shipping requirements (special paperwork, labels, containers), whether in cultures or in human or animal specimens.
All other infectious substances are classified as Category B infectious substances. These are still subject to the shipping regulations but with lesser requirements in terms of shipping papers and quality of containers.
Clinical and Diagnostic Specimens
Also, included in Category B are all non-Category A human and animals specimens (blood, blood components, excreta, secreta, tissues, etc.) shipped for any purpose. This includes even shipments from healthy subjects for simple blood test or drug testing. These are called "Exempt Human Specimens/Exempt Animal Specimens". Again these are subject to less controls but do require training for those shipping them.